Effects Of Obesity On Society – The human body tries to maintain energy balance and stable body weight through complex neurohormonal feedback systems that regulate energy intake and energy expenditure. However, the energy balance cannot be maintained when there is a large energy surplus over a long period of time, and this will lead to weight gain.

It is important to recognize that obesity is not only caused by an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. It is the result of an interaction between several factors, including genetic, physiological, behavioral and social drivers, as well as environmental factors, including widespread availability of highly processed unhealthy foods, increased portion sizes and longer working hours.

Effects Of Obesity On Society

Effects Of Obesity On Society

Obesity is associated with a state of low-grade, chronic inflammation and an increased risk of several diseases

Cause Effect Essay

Obesity is associated with a state of low-grade, chronic inflammation and an increased risk of several diseases.

It increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes, in which the body does not properly produce or use insulin, a hormone that regulates blood sugar levels and helps move glucose from the blood into the body’s cells for energy.

Glucose therefore builds up in the blood, which can lead to serious complications, including damage to the kidneys and eyes, and heart disease and stroke. High blood sugar levels can also lead to circulation problems (peripheral vascular disease) and nerve damage (peripheral neuropathy), which can cause foot ulcers and skin infections.

Obesity is directly linked to various cardiovascular risk factors. As BMI increases, so do blood pressure, low-density lipoprotein (LDL or “bad” cholesterol), triglycerides (a type of fat found in the blood that can help stiffen the arteries), and blood sugar. This means an increased risk of coronary heart disease, stroke and cardiovascular death.

Economic Impacts Of Overweight And Obesity: Current And Future Estimates For Eight Countries

Musculoskeletal disorders including osteoarthritis and low back pain are associated with obesity, due to inflammation and increased stress on the joints.

Obesity is associated with a higher risk of future disability in old age, with an Australian study finding a graded relationship between BMI and measures of disability, including difficulty bathing, dressing, eating, rising from a chair or bed, use the toilet and walk about 200 metres.

Obesity has a direct impact on the development and progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The kidneys have to work harder to filter more blood than normal to meet the metabolic demands of increased body weight, and this can damage the kidneys, increasing the risk of developing CKD in the long term. Diabetes and high blood pressure, also linked to overweight and obesity, are major risk factors for CKD.

Effects Of Obesity On Society

Obesity is strongly linked to respiratory symptoms and diseases, including asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and obstructive sleep apnea, due to its physical effects (for example, weight gain is associated with reductions in lung volumes) and systemic inflammation.

Impaired Pulmonary Function As A Potential Contributor To Reduced Exercise Capacity Associated With Mafld

Being overweight is associated with an increased risk of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which is when fatty tissue builds up in the liver.

Over time, this accumulation of fat can cause inflammation and the formation of scar tissue, in a condition called nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). NASH can then lead to cirrhosis, a type of liver damage where healthy cells are replaced by scar tissue. In a state of cirrhosis, the liver is unable to perform its vital functions of metabolism, production of proteins including blood clotting factors and filtering of drugs and toxins.

Being overweight can lead to cancer as a result of metabolic and hormonal changes and chronic inflammation that can cause the body to produce abnormal cells.

The International Agency for Research on Cancer has linked overweight and obesity to at least 13 different types of cancer. These are:

Effects Of Obesity In Mens Fertility

Which may be due to inflammation, insulin resistance and cellular stress in areas of the brain believed to be involved in the development of the disease.

Obesity is also linked to depression with the results of a large Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study finding that depression was almost twice as common among people with obesity compared to those who were not obese,

Researchers have found that the risk of mortality increases with the number of years one has lived with obesity.

Effects Of Obesity On Society

This is an important consideration when weighing the population’s health burden related to obesity, which is increasingly seen in younger age groups.

Body Mass Index And Risk Of Obesity Related Complex Multimorbidity: An Observational Multicohort Study

Researchers have found a continuous increase in the risk of death associated with a BMI of more than 25,

Shows that overweight and moderate obesity – and not just severe obesity – are associated with higher mortality.

1. National Health and Medical Research Council. Clinical practice guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity in adults, adolescents and children in Australia. Melbourne 2013. Available from: https://www.nhmrc.gov.au/…

3. Harvard T.H Chan School of Public Health. Source for Obesity Prevention – Health Risks. 2018. Available from: https://www.hsph.harvard.edu/obesity-prevention-source/…

Obesity, Physical Activity And Cancer

5. Backholer K, Pasupathi K, Wong E, Hodge A, Stevenson C, et al. The relationship between body mass index before old age and disability in old age. International Journal of Obesity, 2012; 36:1180.

7. Zammit C, Liddicoat H, Moonsie I and Makker H. Obesity and respiratory diseases. International Journal of General Medicine, 2010; 3:335-343.

10. Lauby-Secretan B, Scoccianti C, Loomis D, Grosse Y, Bianchini F, et al. Body fat and cancer – viewpoint of the IARC working group. New England Journal of Medicine, 2016; 375(8):794-798.

Effects Of Obesity On Society

11. Alford S, Patel D, Perakakis N and Mantzoros CS. Obesity as a risk factor for Alzheimer’s disease: weighing the evidence. Obesity Reviews, 2018; 19(2):269-280.

Obesity Is Everyone’s Business

12. Baranowski BJ, Bott KN and MacPherson REK. Evaluation of neuropathological effects of a high-fat sucrose diet in middle-aged male C57BL6/J mice. Physiological Reports, 2018; 6(11):e13729.

13. Tanamas S, Magliano D, Lynch B, Sethi P, Willenberg L, et al. AusDiab 2012 – The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study. Melbourne, Australia: Baker IDI Heart and Diabetes Institute, 2013.

14. Abdullah A, Wolfe R, Stoelwinder JU, de Courten M, Stevenson C, et al. Number of years lived with obesity and the risk of all-cause and cause-specific mortality. International Journal of Epidemiology, 2011; 40(4):985-996.

15. Health effects of overweight and obesity in 195 countries over 25 years. New England Journal of Medicine, 2017; 377(1):13-27.

Causes And Effects Of Obesity

16. Global BMI Mortality Collaboration. Body mass index and all-cause mortality: meta-analysis of individual-participant data of 239 prospective studies in four continents. Lancet, 2016; 388(10046):776-786. “Obesity” is a medical term used to describe excess body fat that affects a person’s health. Just like other health conditions, obesity is not a personal judgment or a reflection of someone’s character.

Diagnosis of obesity can occur with a healthcare professional using the Body Mass Index (BMI) which assesses height and weight and/or waist circumference which measures weight gain around the abdomen. Some doctors may ask about personal health history or request laboratory tests to diagnose and identify health effects of obesity.

The standard measure of BMI is a useful screening tool, but has inherent limitations for the clinical diagnosis of obesity. This is for many reasons, including ethnicity, variations in body composition and metabolic risk levels among people.

Effects Of Obesity On Society

The increase in obesity prevalence over the last 30 years is mainly a biological response to modern environments that promote unhealthy foods, stress, physical inactivity and weight gain. Many people in Australia live in environments where energy-dense food is abundant and readily available, and not all Australians live in conditions where they are able to exercise safely.

Common Health Risks Of Obesity

Advances in obesity research in recent years have shown why some people are more affected by obesity and why weight reduction is a constant challenge for some, compared to others. For example, genetic factors can greatly influence a person’s susceptibility to weight gain. A genetic predisposition to fat accumulation, particularly around internal organs and in muscles, can lead to dysregulation of important biological processes, including metabolism, appetite control and hormonal functions. This causes the body to promote weight gain and fight weight loss, making it difficult for a person to lose weight and maintain weight loss.

Unfortunately, many people are unaware of these complexities and consider obesity to be more of a personal choice which leads to harmful stigma, bias and discrimination.

The condition of obesity can have serious consequences for people’s quality of life, and both physical and mental health.

The AIHW estimated that in 2018, 8.4% of the total burden of disease in Australia was attributable to overweight and obesity.[1] Overweight and obesity affect approximately two in three Australian adults and one in four Australian children. In the ten years to 2018, the number of adults in Australia living with obesity more than doubled.

Weight Bias And Discrimination: A Challenge For Healthcare Providers

Generally, health risks increase with the more weight someone gains and the longer they are obese. However, it is important to understand that everyone is different and being overweight will affect people in different ways. Not everyone with a higher weight or body mass index will have serious health problems, but the risk is higher and accumulates over time.

Obesity affects people of different backgrounds, areas of Australia and levels of education and wealth. However, some groups of people are more affected than others. For example, people living in remote and   regional areas, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people, and people living in


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