- Effects Of Overpopulation In Developing Countries
- Can We Talk About Overpopulation?
Effects Of Overpopulation In Developing Countries – A theory of human population growth was proposed by T. R. Malthus (1778). According to this, when unrestricted, the human population grows geometrically (ie, from 2 to 4 to 8 to 16 to 32 and so on), while its means of subsistence (food, etc.) only grow arithmetically ( i.e. 2 to 4 to 6). at 8 to 10 and so on). This leads to insufficient means of subsistence for an exponentially growing population. It causes a large number of problems to a nation as well as an individual family and society. So some adverse effects of overpopulation could happen. Mainly six types of adverse effects are as follows:
Overpopulation leads to increase in unemployment and poverty as employment facilities do not increase significantly. Advancement in technology reduces the need for manual labor and hence the scope of employment. So workers get less salary and per capita income is low. About the maximum of the population of developing countries lives below the poverty line.
Effects Of Overpopulation In Developing Countries
Overpopulated poor countries face acute shortages of food, housing and clothing. In many developing and developing countries, at least one-fifth of the population is malnourished or undernourished. Many people are homeless and living in the open with insufficient clothing.
Human Population Growth And Its Effect On Health Expert Shares Preventive Measures For Overall Well Being
Education is a fundamental human right and is necessary for the economic and social development of a country. We know that, a person is said to be literate if he can read and write with understanding at least in any language. In overpopulated countries, large numbers of people remain uneducated and even illiterate. Poor people usually do not want to send their children to schools and prefer to employ them to earn money by any means, using them as child labour. As a result, the early school leaving rate is also very high.
To provide adequate health services to every citizen is not possible for overpopulated countries. Hospitals and health centers are usually understaffed and thus overcrowded with patients who do not receive adequate medical treatment. In such countries, many people live in slums with unsanitary conditions. The children of such people are deprived of proper love and care. So, despite the health care programs taken by the government, the infant mortality rate remains high.
The population explosion is putting a lot of pressure on the limited natural resources that are used every day. Overpopulation is associated with intensive urbanization, deforestation, the use of fertilizers and pesticides for better agriculture, the use of fossil fuels as a source of energy, and the production of waste. All this points the way to environmental pollution, which is extremely dangerous for mankind.
Overpopulation has led to a social imbalance between developed and developing countries. Resource use per capita in a developed country is many times higher than in a developing country. This led to the aggressive acquisition of natural resources, colonization and war. Excessive population growth increases the incidence of crime in a society and creates various problems for the society. Overpopulation is defined as a situation where the number of individuals exceeds the supporting capacity of the ecological framework.
Assertion Is True, But Reason Is False
In such a situation, the available elements, which are essential for the achievement of human development and survival, might be below the level of the total population of that particular area.
The world population is growing at an alarming rate. It is a growing concern for almost every country in the world. It results in various problems such as mass starvation, unemployment, rising crime rate, prison overcrowding, pollution, etc. Both national and international effort is needed to deal with the problem of overpopulation.
This article provides a brief analysis of the effect of overpopulation both nationally and internationally and also deals with measures taken to control population growth.
A person is said to be unemployed when, at a given wage rate, he is able to work and is actively looking for work but cannot find work. There are various causes of unemployment such as overpopulation, illiteracy, lack of resources, use of outdated technology, low level of investment, etc.
More People, More Problems
In India, the population is growing at an alarming rate. A growing population poses many obstacles to the country’s economic development. It is accompanied by an increase in the labor force of the community, which leads to the unemployment of a significant part of the population.
According to monthly time series statistics from the Center for Monitoring the Indian Economy (CIME), India’s overall unemployment rate was 8.10% in February 2022, but fell to 7.6% in March.
There are various schemes launched by the Government of India for unemployment such as Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana (PMMY), Pradhan Mantri Rojgar Protsahan Yojana (PMRPY), Skill India Mission, Pradhan Mantri Garib Kalyan Yojana (PMGKY), PM SVANidhi, Mahatma Gandhi National Act Rural Employment Guarantee (MANREGA), National Career Service, National Rural Livelihood Mission (NRLM), National Urban Livelihood Mission (NULM), to name a few.
There is a direct link between population growth and the environment. Currently, the total world population is 7.6 billion. It is projected to grow to 8 billion by 2025, 9 billion by 2040, and 11 billion by 2100.
Can We Talk About Overpopulation?
According to the 2019 Global Climate Report published by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the average temperature since the 19th century has increased by 1.1 degrees Celsius.
Population growth creates more demand for housing, food supply and other essentials. This results in continuous deforestation, global warming, over-farming, eutrophication, etc.
Food is one of the basic elements of human existence. As the population grows, so does the demand for food. This increasing demand for food is met by excessive agriculture and deforestation to create new agricultural land.
In addition to deforestation, farmers also engage in stubble burning. It is done to remove the rice substitute from the agricultural land to sow wheat on the same agricultural land. The result of this practice is the deterioration of air quality during winters in Delhi region and neighboring cities.
Effect Of Population Growth On National Development
Population growth creates demand to build new homes and more wood products. To meet this need, forests are cut down. It has serious repercussions on the environment and climate change. Loss of trees and its causes soil erosion, increased carbon dioxide emissions, floods, etc. Deforestation due to agriculture accounts for nearly 80% of global deforestation. Another 14 percent is attributed to logging, 5 percent to firewood collection, and the rest resulting from other causes.
Population growth has created a vicious cycle of resource scarcity, unemployment, poverty and rising crime rates. As the number of people increases and the number of vacancies for a particular job remains the same, there is a large proportion of people who remain unemployed. This increase in unemployment makes it difficult for people to meet their basic needs. As a result, they fall into poverty. However, for the existence of the human being, certain basic things like food, shelter and clothing are required. To fulfill them, the person indulges in crimes such as theft, extortion, robbery, etc.
Rising crime rates also create the problem of prison overcrowding in various parts of the world. In fact, prison overcrowding is defined as a situation where the number of inmates in a given jurisdiction exceeds the total inmate capacity.
In India, the problem of prison overcrowding has existed for a decade. In 2019, Indian prison occupancy was the highest as it was occupied at 120% of capacity. However, this was reduced in 2020 by 1.9%.
Survey Shows The General Public Is Ready For Discussions About Population
The most overcrowded prison in the world exists in Haiti. It is overcrowded with a capacity of 454.4% of their normal capacity. The second most overcrowded prison is the prison in the Philippines, which is overcrowded with a capacity of 436.0% of their normal capacity. It is followed by prisons in El Salvador and Zambia, which are overcrowded at 348.2% and 303.0% of their normal capacity.
In 1962, the United Nations General Assembly had the problem of population on its agenda. A resolution was passed calling for increased research by the appropriate bodies and requesting that a questionnaire be issued from the Secretary-General to member states to determine what problems and policies, if any, each member state has with regard to population growth.
In 1966, the Resolution on Population Growth and Economic Development was adopted which recognizes the sovereignty of nations in formulating and promoting their own population policies, taking into account the principle that family size should be the free choice of each individual family. .
Having a plan to prevent overpopulation at the national level is just as important as having it at the international level. Just as China adopted a one-child policy which it eradicated in 2016, India is also looking at adopting a two-child policy. To this end, the Population Regulation Bill, 2019 was introduced in the Rajya Sabha in July 2019. It provides for criminal action against persons with over