Jules Verne 20000 Leagues Under The Sea – The story begins when a mysterious sea monster, theorized by some to be a giant narwhal, is sighted by ships of various nations; an ocean liner is also damaged by the creature. The United States government assembles an expedition to track down and destroy the threat. Professor Pierre Aronnax is a well-known French marine biologist and storyteller; because he was in America at the time and is a recognized expert in his field, he receives a last-minute invitation to join the expedition, and he accepts. Canadian master harpoonist Ned Land and Aronnax’s faithful assistant Conseil are also brought along. The expedition begins and after many fruitless searches, the monster is found. The ship goes into battle. During the fight, the ship’s steering is damaged, and the three protagonists are thrown overboard. They find themselves stranded on the creature’s skin, only to discover to their surprise that it is a large metal construct. They are quickly captured and brought to the ship, where they meet their enigmatic creator and commander, Captain Nemo. This is where the adventure really begins!
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Jules Verne 20000 Leagues Under The Sea
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea By Jules Verne
The novel was originally serialized from March 1869 to June 1870 in Pierre-Jules Hetzel’s fortnightly magazine, Magasin d’éducation et de récréation. A deluxe octavo edition, published by Hetzel in November 1871, contains 111 illustrations by Alphonse de Neuville and Édouard Riou.
The book was widely praised upon its publication and remains so; it is considered one of the premier adventure novels and one of Verne’s greatest works, along with Around the World and Eighty Days and Journey to the Cter of the Earth. His depiction of Captain Nemo’s underwater ship, the Nautilus, is considered ahead of its time because it accurately describes many features of today’s submarines, which were comparatively primitive vessels in the 1860s.
A model of the Frch U-Boot Plongeur (launched in 1863) at the 1867 Exposition Universelle, where Jules Verne examined it, inspired him to write the novel.
The title refers to the distance, not the depth, traveled under the various seas: 20,000 metric leagues (80,000 km, over 40,000 nautical miles), almost twice the circumference of the Earth.
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea By Jules Verne Podcast
During the year 1866, ships of various nationalities saw a mysterious sea monster, which was later believed to be a gigantic narwhal. The US government assembles an expedition in New York City to find and destroy the monster. Professor Pierre Aronnax, a French marine biologist and the narrator of the story, is in town at the time and receives a last-minute invitation to join the expedition; he accepted. The Canadian whaler and master harpooner Ned Land and Aronnax’s loyal Knechtsknecht Conseil are also among the participants.
The expedition leaves Brooklyn aboard the United States Navy frigate Abraham Lincoln, th travels south around Cape Horn and the Pacific Ocean. After a five-month search in Japan, the frigate locates and attacks the monster, damaging the ship’s rudder. Aronnax and the land are thrown into the sea, and the council jumps into the water after them. They survive by boarding the “monster”, which, they are horrified to find, is a futuristic submarine. They wait on the deck of the ship until morning, when they are captured, dragged inside and introduced to the mysterious constructor and commander of the submarine, Captain Nemo.
The rest of the novel describes the protagonists’ adventures aboard the Nautilus, which was built in secret and now travels the seas beyond the reach of land-based governments. In self-imposed exile, Captain Nemo seems to have a dual motivation – a quest for scientific knowledge and a desire to escape terrestrial civilization. Nemo explains that his submarine is electrically powered and can do advanced marine research; he also tells his new passengers that his secret existence means he won’t let them leave — they must stay on board permanently.
They visit many ocean regions, some factual and others fictional. Travelers will see the coral formations, sunken ships from the Battle of Vigo Bay, the Antarctic ice barrier, the transatlantic telegraph cable, and the legendary underwater kingdom of Atlantis. They travel to the South Pole anyway and on the way back they are caught in an upheaval of an iceberg, trapped in a narrow ice gallery from which they are forced to dig themselves out. Passengers also don diving suits, hunt sharks and other marine fauna with air rifles in the underwater forests of Crespo Island, and also attend an undersea funeral for a crew member who died during a mysterious collision of the Nautilus. When the submarine returns to the Atlantic Ocean, a school of giant squid (“devilfish”) attacks the ship and kills another crewman.
Leagues Under The Sea
The later pages of the novel suggest that Captain Nemo went into underwater exile wt after his homeland was conquered and his family was slaughtered by a powerful imperialist nation. After the episode of the Devilfish, Nemo largely avoids Aronnax, which begins with Ned’s land side. Finally, the Nautilus is attacked by a warship of the mysterious nation that caused Nemo such suffering. Carrying out his search for Revge, Nemo – whom Aronnax calls an “archangel of hate” – rams the ship below her waterline and sinks her to the bottom, much to the professor’s horror. Afterwards, Nemo kneels in front of a portrait of his dead wife and child, sinking into a deep depression.
Circumstances on board the submarine change drastically: watches are no longer kept, and the ship wanders aimlessly. Ned becomes so tight that the council fears for the harpooner’s life. One morning, however, Ned announces that they are in sight of the country and have a chance to escape. Professor Aronnax is more than ready to leave Captain Nemo, who now terrifies him, but he is still drawn to the man. Fearing that Nemo’s very presce might weaken his resolve, he avoids contact with the captain. Before their departure, however, the professor eavesdrops on Nemo and hears him cry out in fear, “Oh God almighty! Ough! Ough!” Aronnax immediately joins his companions, and they execute their escape plans, but as they approach the submarine’s hull, they realize that the Nautilus has apparently entered the ocean’s deadliest whirlpool, the Moskstraum, more commonly known as ” Maelstrom” is known. Nevertheless, she manages to escape and take refuge on an island off the coast of Norway. However, the submarine’s ultimate fate remained unknown until the events of The Mysterious Island.
Captain Nemo’s assumed name recalls Homer’s Odyssey, where Odysseus encounters the monstrous Cyclops Polyphemus during his wanderings. Polyphemus asks Odysseus his name, and Odysseus replies that it is Outis (Οὖτις ) ‘no one’, translated into Latin as “Nemo”. Like Captain Nemo, Odysseus wanders the sea in exile (but only for 10 years) and similarly mourns the tragic death of his crew.
The novel repeatedly mentions US Naval Commander Matthew Fontaine Maury, an oceanographer who studied the winds, seas and currents, collected samples from the depths and mapped the world’s oceans. Maury was internationally known, and Verne may be known through his French ancestors.
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea
The novel alludes to other characters, including Lapérouse, the celebrated explorer whose two sloops of war disappeared during a voyage of global circumnavigation; Dumont d’Urville, a later explorer who found the remains of one of Lapérouse’s ships; and Ferdinand de Lesseps, farmer of the Suez Canal and nephew of the sole survivor of the ill-fated expedition of Lapérouse. The Nautilus follows in the footsteps of these m: she visits the waters where Lapérouse’s ships have disappeared; she ters the Torres Strait and is stranded there, like the Urville’s ship, the Astrolabe; and she passes over the Suez Canal via a fictitious underwater tunnel that connects the Red Sea to the Mediterranean.
In probably the most famous episode of the novel, the battle described above with a school of giant squid, one of the monsters finds a crew member. Reflecting on the battle in the next chapter, Aronnax writes: “To convey such a point of view, it would take the p of our most renowned poet, Victor Hugo, author of The Toilers of the Sea.” A bestselling novel in Verne’s day, The Toilers of the Sea also features a menacing cephalopod: a worker fighting an octopus, believed by critics to be symbolic of the Industrial Revolution. Certainly Verne was influenced by Hugo’s novel, and, when he printed this variation on his octopus counter, he intended to take the symbol for the revolutions of 1848 as well.
Other symbols and themes pique modern critics. Margaret Drabble, for example, argues that Verne’s masterpiece also anticipated the ecology movement and influenced French avant-garde imagery.
As for additional motifs in the novel, Captain
Twenty Thousand Leagues Under The Sea By Jules Verne, Review By Corinne Donnelly
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